As mentioned earlier, the sale of precious metal coins, cartridges and ingots can serve as an additional source of income for many customers. Therefore, in the eyes of the IRS, any benefit that a customer obtains by selling their precious metal assets is considered taxable and is therefore subject to a form of tax. The IRS classifies precious metals, including gold, as collectibles, such as art and antiques. This applies to gold coins and ingots, although their value depends solely on the metal content and not on rarity or artistic merit.
You pay taxes on selling gold only if you make a profit. However, long-term gains on collectible items are subject to a 28 percent tax rate, rather than the 15 percent rate that applies to most investments. If you have received gold as a gift from a blood relative, such as parents or siblings, no tax will be charged upon receiving it. In the case of gold inherited or received as a gift, the purchase cost would be the cost price paid by the person from whom the gold is inherited.
There are no taxes if you inherit gold or receive gold as a gift from blood relatives, but when you sell it, you are required to pay capital gains tax if you make a profit. The net investment income tax of 3.8% may be applied to the gold earnings in the brokerage account of taxpayers with higher MAGI than in these examples. Alternatively, a physical gold CEF is a direct investment in gold, but it has the benefit of taxes on LTCG rates. The purchase cost in the case of inherited gold or physical gold received as a gift is the cost of acquiring the parent or relative from whom it was inherited.
Gold exchange-traded bonds (ETN) are debt securities in which the rate of return is linked to an underlying gold index. If an investment in gold is held for more than one year, any profit is taxed at the same rate as ordinary income, except for a maximum tax rate of 28%. In the case of brokerage accounts, an investment in gold mutual funds is more likely to offer a higher after-tax return than gold coins or a gold futures ETF. Lucas is considering the same gold investment options as Emma and has the same plans to sell and distribute profits.
These investments tend to move in relation to gold prices, but they are also influenced by production and borrowing costs. Emma and Lucas's results, shown in Figure 3, indicate that the after-tax returns on investments in gold in a traditional IRA far exceed those of investments in gold in a brokerage account or in a Roth IRA. Gold has attracted investors for centuries because of its rarity and beauty, which explains why nearly half of the world's demand for gold comes from the jewelry industry (World Gold Council, Gold Investor, vol. Futures contracts allow investors to take advantage of positions, so that small swings in gold prices can generate large profits or losses).
Physical gold or silver holds are subject to a capital gains tax equal to their marginal tax rate, up to a maximum of 28%. The Internal Revenue Service treats investments in gold and other precious metals a little differently than investments, such as stocks and bonds.